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Incentives/Policies for Renewables & Efficiency

Printable Version
Investment Tax Credit   

Last DSIRE Review: 10/31/2014
Program Overview:
State: Vermont
Incentive Type: Personal Tax Credit
Eligible Renewable/Other Technologies: Solar Water Heat, Solar Space Heat, Solar Thermal Electric, Solar Thermal Process Heat, Photovoltaics, Wind, Biomass, Geothermal Electric, Fuel Cells, Geothermal Heat Pumps, CHP/Cogeneration, Solar Hybrid Lighting; Eligibility technologies are identical to Federal ITC requirements, Fuel Cells using Renewable Fuels, Microturbines, Geothermal Direct-Use
Applicable Sectors: Commercial, Industrial, Agricultural
Amount:7.2% for solar, fuel cells and small wind placed in service on or before 12/31/2016.
2.4% for solar (except hybrid solar lighting) placed in service on or after 12/31/2016. 2.4% for geothermal 2.4% for microturbines and CHP placed in service on or before 12/31/2016.
Maximum Incentive:No maximum specified.
Eligible System Size:Small wind: up to 100 kW
Fuel cells: 0.5 kW or greater
Microturbines: 2 MW or less
CHP: 50 MW or less
Marine and Hydrokinetic: 150 kW or greater
Equipment Requirements:All equipment must meet the same requirements as the Federal Investment Tax Credit
Carryover Provisions:Credit may be carried over for 5 years
Start Date:01/01/2009
Expiration Date:Varies by technology
Web Site:
Authority 1:
Date Enacted:
Date Effective:
Expiration Date:
32 V.S.A. ยง 5822
3/19/2008 (subsequently amended)

Vermont offers an investment tax credit for installations of renewable energy equipment on business properties. The credit is equal to 24% of the "Vermont-property portion" of the federal business energy tax credit. For solar, small wind, and fuel cells this constitutes a 7.2% state-level credit for systems placed in service on or before 12/31/2016. After this date, solar (except hybrid solar lighting) technologies are eligible for a 2.4% credit.  For microturbines, and combined heat and power systems, the credit is a 2.4% state-level tax credit for systems place in service on or before 12/31/2016. The geothermal tax credit is 2.4% indefinitely.* Any unused tax credit may be carried forward for 5 years.


Vermont created this credit starting for Tax Year 2002 and provided an additional incentive for solar investments for Tax Year 2008 (via S.B. 209). The solar specific tax credit was amended several times (by the Vermont Energy Act of 2009 (H. 313, May 2009), by HB 781 in June 2010 and again by HB 56 in May 2011). The solar credit was equal to 100% of the "Vermont-property portion" of the federal business energy tax credit for solar from 2008 through 2010. In effect, this constituted a 30% state-level credit for solar during those years. The Vermont Department of Taxes issued Technical Bulletin 45 relating to the solar tax credit (July 2009 updated July 2010) provides additional guidance. As of 2012, the solar business tax credit has expired and the investment tax credit remains.  

*The federal investment tax credit (ITC) for solar, small wind, and fuel cells is 30% of expenditures and for geothermal systems, microturbines, and combined heat and power the ITC is 10% of expenditures.Vermont's investment tax credit is equal to 24% of the federal ITC for these technologies.

  Information VT DOT
Vermont Department of Taxes
Corporate Income Tax
133 State St.
Montpelier, VT 05633
Phone: (802) 828-5861
Web Site:
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Disclaimer: The information presented on the DSIRE web site provides an unofficial overview of financial incentives and other policies. It does not constitute professional tax advice or other professional financial guidance, and it should not be used as the only source of information when making purchasing decisions, investment decisions or tax decisions, or when executing other binding agreements. Please refer to the individual contact provided below each summary to verify that a specific financial incentive or other policy applies to your project.

While the DSIRE staff strives to provide the best information possible, the DSIRE staff, the N.C. Solar Center, N.C. State University and the Interstate Renewable Energy Council, Inc. make no representations or warranties, either express or implied, concerning the accuracy, completeness, reliability or suitability of the information. The DSIRE staff, the N.C. Solar Center, N.C. State University and the Interstate Renewable Energy Council, Inc. disclaim all liability of any kind arising out of your use or misuse of the information contained or referenced on DSIRE Web pages.

Copyright 2014 - 2015 North Carolina State University, under NREL Subcontract No. XEU-0-99515-01. Permission granted only for personal or educational use, or for use by or on behalf of the U.S. government. North Carolina State University prohibits the unauthorized display, reproduction, sale, and/or distribution of all or portions of the content of the Database of State Incentives for Renewables and Efficiency (DSIRE) without prior, written consent.