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Incentives/Policies for Energy Efficiency

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USDA - Biorefinery Assistance Program   

Last DSIRE Review: 10/08/2014
Program Overview:
State: Federal
Incentive Type: Federal Loan Program
Eligible Renewable/Other Technologies: Landfill Gas, Biomass, Municipal Solid Waste, Ethanol, Biodiesel
Applicable Sectors: Commercial, Industrial, Local Government, Construction, Utility, State Government, Tribal Government, Fed. Government, Municipal Utility, Investor-Owned Utility, Rural Electric Cooperative, Agricultural, Institutional
Amount:90% maximum loan guarantee on loans of up to $125 million
80% maximum loan guarantee on loans of up $150 million
70% maximum loan guarantee on loans of $150-$200 million
60% maximum loan guarantee on loans of $200 million up to $250 million
Maximum Incentive:Maximum loan amount: 80% of project costs or $250 million
Terms:Term: 20 years or the useful life of the project, whichever is less
Rate: Lender's customary commercial interest rate, fixed or variable
Fees vary with % guarantee and loan amount
Web Site:
Authority 1:
Date Enacted:
7 CFR 4279, Subpart C.
Authority 2:
7 USC ยง 8103
Authority 3:
Date Enacted:
Date Effective:
H.R. 8 (American Taxpayer Relief Act of 2012)

USDA Rural Development is offering loan guarantees for the development, construction, and retrofitting of commercial-scale biorefineries. Eligible borrowers include individuals, entities, Indian tribes, state or local governments, corporations, farm cooperatives or farm cooperative organizations, associations of agricultural producers, National Laboratories, institutions of higher education, rural electric cooperatives, public power entities, and consortium of any of these types of entities. Financed entities must provide at least 20% of the financing for eligible project costs, and applications for funding must include an independent feasibility study and technical assessment.  Eligible project costs include the purchase and installation of equipment, construction or retrofitting costs, permit and licensing fees, working capital, land acquisition, and the costs of financing.

The project must meet the following requirements:

  • Must be for the development and construction or the retrofitting of a commercial-scale biorefinery using an eligible technology
  • Must use an eligible feedstock for the production of advanced biofuels and biobased products
  • The majority of the production must be an advanced biofuels

Eligible advanced biofuels include:

  • Biofuel derived from cellulose, hemicellulose, or lignin, or other fuels derived from cellulose
  • Biofuel derived from sugar, starch, excluding ethanol derived from from corn kernel starch
  • Biofuel derived from waste material, including crop residue, vegetative waste material, animal waste, food waste, and yard waste
  • Diesel fuel derived from renewable biomass, including vegetable oil and animal fat
  • Biogas, including landfill gas and sewage waste treatment gas, produced through the conversion of organic matter from renewable biomass

Congress allocated $75 million for FY 2009 and $245 million for FY 2010, in addition to up to $150 million in discretionary funds annually beginning in FY 2009. The American Taxpayer Relief Act of 2012 extended discretionary funding through FY 2013.  For FY 2014, approximately $76 million in carry over budget will support a program level of approximately $181 million. 

  National Office
U.S. Department of Agriculture
Business and Cooperative Programs
Mail Stop 3201
1400 Independence Avenue SW
Washington, DC 20250-3201
Phone: (202) 690-4730
Phone 2: (800) 877-8339
Fax: (202) 690-4737
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Disclaimer: The information presented on the DSIRE web site provides an unofficial overview of financial incentives and other policies. It does not constitute professional tax advice or other professional financial guidance, and it should not be used as the only source of information when making purchasing decisions, investment decisions or tax decisions, or when executing other binding agreements. Please refer to the individual contact provided below each summary to verify that a specific financial incentive or other policy applies to your project.

While the DSIRE staff strives to provide the best information possible, the DSIRE staff, the N.C. Solar Center, N.C. State University and the Interstate Renewable Energy Council, Inc. make no representations or warranties, either express or implied, concerning the accuracy, completeness, reliability or suitability of the information. The DSIRE staff, the N.C. Solar Center, N.C. State University and the Interstate Renewable Energy Council, Inc. disclaim all liability of any kind arising out of your use or misuse of the information contained or referenced on DSIRE Web pages.

Copyright 2014 - 2015 North Carolina State University, under NREL Subcontract No. XEU-0-99515-01. Permission granted only for personal or educational use, or for use by or on behalf of the U.S. government. North Carolina State University prohibits the unauthorized display, reproduction, sale, and/or distribution of all or portions of the content of the Database of State Incentives for Renewables and Efficiency (DSIRE) without prior, written consent.