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Incentives/Policies for Renewable Energy

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Energy Conservation in State Buildings   

Last DSIRE Review: 10/17/2014
Program Overview:
State: Maryland
Incentive Type: Energy Standards for Public Buildings
Eligible Efficiency Technologies: Comprehensive Measures/Whole Building, Specific technologies not identified
Eligible Renewable/Other Technologies: Passive Solar Space Heat, Solar Water Heat, Solar Space Heat, Photovoltaics, Wind, Biomass, Geothermal Heat Pumps, CHP/Cogeneration, Biogas, Solar Pool Heating, Daylighting, Small Hydroelectric
Applicable Sectors: Schools, Construction, State Government
Equipment/Products:ENERGY STAR labeled or in the top 25% in energy-efficiency when products with labels are unavailable
Requirement:LEED Silver or comparable rating required for new state construction and renovations, new schools that receive state funding and issue design consultant RFPs after July 2009;
Life-cycle cost analysis must include an analysis of the use of renewable energy technologies and energy efficient strategies
Web Site:
Authority 1:
Date Enacted:
Date Effective:
Md. State Finance and Procurement Code § 3-602.1
04/24/2008 (subsequently amended)
Authority 2:
Date Enacted:
Date Effective:
Md. Education Code § 5-312
Authority 3:
Date Enacted:
Md. State Finance and Procurement Code § 4-808
Authority 4:
Date Enacted:
Date Effective:
Md. State Finance and Procurement Code § 4-806
05/26/1992 (subsequently amended)
10/01/2006 (as amended)
Authority 5:
Date Enacted:
Executive Order 01.01.2001.02

Maryland's policy for energy efficiency in state buildings is governed by a series of related policies adopted at different times. One of the earliest policies, adopted in 1985, established Life Cycle Cost Analysis Standards requiring the Department of General Services (DGS) to include an evaluation of the use of renewable energy systems (including active and passive solar and wind systems) and energy efficient strategies (including the effect of insulation and the amount and type of glass and direction of exposure) in creating standards for determining a building's life-cycle costs. Additionally, in determining life-cycle costs, an energy consumption analysis is required for each major piece of equipment in the building’s chief energy-consuming systems (including cooling, heating, hot water, lighting and ventilation systems).

In 1992 the state enacted legislation requiring the Maryland Energy Administration (MEA) and the DGS to set energy performance standards that would reduce energy consumption in state buildings by 15% in 1996 and 25% by 2001 from a 1992 baseline. The law also required each state agency to perform an energy analysis for each building under its jurisdiction. Maryland's governor issued Executive Order 01.01.2001.02 in March 2001 calling for a further 10% reduction of energy use in state buildings by 2005 and 15% by 2010 (relative to a 2000 baseline) and requiring all new energy-using products to carry the "ENERGY STAR" label or be in the top 25% in energy efficiency when products with labels are unavailable.

In 2006, S.B. 267 updated the older statute to require energy consumption in state buildings be reduced by 5% by 2009 and 10% by 2010 relative to a 2005 baseline. The bill also modified the previous energy analysis requirement to provide that a new analysis should be completed each year. The statute passed by the legislature supersedes the Executive Order described above, although the order has not been repealed and thus can still be considered an active part of state administrative law.

In April 2008, Maryland enacted additional laws designed to promote energy efficiency in state buildings. Among these was the Maryland High Performance Buildings Act (S.B. 208), which requires that capital projects involving the construction or major renovation of buildings funded solely with state funds meet the criteria for classification as a "high performance building". New schools being constructed with state assistance must also meet this standard. In 2010 the law was amended to also require that community college capital projects that receive state funding also meet high performance building standards.

High performance buildings are defined as buildings that achieve at least a silver rating the under the U.S. Green Building Council's LEED green building rating system or a comparable numeric rating on an approved and nationally recognized system. A major renovation is considered to be any project that has a scope of 7,500 square feet or greater; reuses the building shell for the new construction; and involves the replacement of the HVAC, electrical, and plumbing systems. The law also provides that for fiscal years 2010 through 2014, the state will pay 50% of the local share of extra costs incurred as the result of the requirement for new schools. The Maryland Green Building Council's 2012 Annual Report includes further information on program accomplishments and green building activity in Maryland.

In 2014 the legislature directed teh Maryland Green Building Council to develop a list of building types to exclude from the high performance building mandate.

The State of Maryland also has clean energy procurement requirements for state facilities.

  Public Information Officer - MEA
Maryland Energy Administration
60 West Street, 3rd Floor
Annapolis, MD 21401
Phone: (410) 260-7655
Phone 2: (800) 723-6374
Web Site:
  Stephen Gilliss
Maryland Department of General Services
Maryland Green Building Council
301 West Preston St.
Baltimore, MD 21201
Phone: (410) 767-4675
Web Site:
  Walt Auburn
Maryland Energy Administration
60 West Street, Third Floor
Annapolis , MD 21401
Phone: (410) 260-7204
Phone 2: (410) 260-7655
Fax: (410) 974-2250
Web Site:
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Disclaimer: The information presented on the DSIRE web site provides an unofficial overview of financial incentives and other policies. It does not constitute professional tax advice or other professional financial guidance, and it should not be used as the only source of information when making purchasing decisions, investment decisions or tax decisions, or when executing other binding agreements. Please refer to the individual contact provided below each summary to verify that a specific financial incentive or other policy applies to your project.

While the DSIRE staff strives to provide the best information possible, the DSIRE staff, the N.C. Solar Center, N.C. State University and the Interstate Renewable Energy Council, Inc. make no representations or warranties, either express or implied, concerning the accuracy, completeness, reliability or suitability of the information. The DSIRE staff, the N.C. Solar Center, N.C. State University and the Interstate Renewable Energy Council, Inc. disclaim all liability of any kind arising out of your use or misuse of the information contained or referenced on DSIRE Web pages.

Copyright 2014 - 2015 North Carolina State University, under NREL Subcontract No. XEU-0-99515-01. Permission granted only for personal or educational use, or for use by or on behalf of the U.S. government. North Carolina State University prohibits the unauthorized display, reproduction, sale, and/or distribution of all or portions of the content of the Database of State Incentives for Renewables and Efficiency (DSIRE) without prior, written consent.